Training for asbestos professionals is required under the EPA Asbestos Model Accreditation Plan (MAP) which EPA issued under the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act of 1986 (AHERA). The MAP requires the use of trained and accredited asbestos professionals when conducting asbestos inspections or designing or conducting response actions at schools and public and commercial buildings. It provides guidance to states on the minimum training requirements for accrediting asbestos professionals. State training programs must be at least as stringent as the MAP.
To become an accredited Building Inspector, qualified persons are required to participate in an EPA approved 3-day training course and obtain a minimum score of 70 percent on an examination. To maintain their accreditation, Building Inspectors must attend an annual refresher course of one-half day in length. Each state has the option of requiring Inspectors to pass re-accreditation examinations at specific intervals.
A building inspection involves:
- An investigation of records for the specification of ACBM.
- An inspection of the building for suspect materials.
- Sampling and analysis of suspect materials to test for the presence of asbestos.
4. Assessing condition and location of ACBM and other characteristics of the building.
More specifically, the inspection process consists of the following steps:
- Review architectural and “as-built” plans, work change orders and other records for the specification of any materials which contain asbestos.
- Inspect the building for friable and non-friable materials, including all products or materials which are likely to contain asbestos.
- Delineate homogeneous areas and develop a sampling plan for the collection of representative bulk samples (or assume suspect material contains asbestos).
- Collect representative samples and have them analyzed by the appropriate methods by an accredited laboratory.
- Collect information on the physical condition and location of all confirmed asbestos containing materials or presumed asbestos containing material (PACM), including information on other characteristics of the building which may affect the likelihood that ACBM may be disturbed and that fibers may be released and distributed.
When all of the steps are completed and he laboratory analysis is finalized an organized report should be presented to the building owner or client. A report for this specific inspection should include, but not be limited to the fallowing sections or information:
- Title Page with the specific site and address easily identifiable.
- Introduction including a brief history of the structure and potentially its construction type.
- List of all sampled Suspect Materials
- List of all confirmed Asbestos Containing Materials. Greater than 1% asbestos. Also Identifies Class and Category of material.
- Optional. List of all building materials that contain less than 1% asbestos materials.
- Very Important. Complete Laboratory data including any point pointing needed.
- Map of facility with areas designated by number.
- Map of sample locations. To confirm where samples were taken at a later date.
- Map showing where the actual asbestos is.
- Asbestos Inspectors Certification (copy)..look for exp date.
- Optional….Picture Log of facility and asbestos materials.
These are just some points that any paying customer should expect in any thorough inspection and also cover requirements of EPA regulation should you undergo an inspection during abatement. Make sure you check local asbestos laws and requirements as they change from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Always remember in the end, you get what you pay for!